Until 1809, Finns served in the Swedish army, as Finland was part of Sweden. From 1809-1917, Finns served in the Russian army.
Name (in chronological order): soldier name: farm name: notes:
Matti Pätsi
(born: Abt. 1590)

Matti Pätsi (Mads Pätz) is the progenitor ancestor of many Pätsi families in Pudasjärvi and later Kuusamo. According to Reijo Kivniemi 1 he was a 'ratsumies,' or Hakkapelite in the Thirty Years War.  I do not know if Pätsi is a farm name or soldier name.
Ancestor of Jennie Karjalainen.
Fought in The Thirty Years War, 1618-1648.

Paavali Halonen
(*Abt. 1565 † 1642)

Paavali was born in the village of Niskankylä in the Muhos parish. He moved to Kemijärvi, and was that region's first Finnish settler. He served in the Thirty Years War and is a fabled war hero (Kansantarinoiden sotapäällikkö). 2
Ancestor of Lydia Klint, Valpuri Niska, Isaac Hill, and Emil Hannula.
Fought in The Thirty Years War, 1618-1648.

Juho Holappa
(*1584 1638)

Juho was born on the Holappa farm in Sanginjärvi village, Utajärvi parish. This farm existed for many centuries in Sanginjärvi. Juho's father, Matti, was born in Jääski, Karelia, and was isäntä of the Holappa farm from 1567 - 1597.3 Juho eventually settled in Pudasjärvi and has many Holappa descendants, some of which lived in Kuusamo.
Ancestor of John Frederick Karjalainen, father of Jennie Karjalainen.
Fought in The Thirty Years War, 1618-1648.

Lauri Tauriainen
(born: about 1600)
 Stjerna Taurianen

It is unclear which exact members of this immediate family served in the war, so it is possible that Lauri did not serve. The Taurianens were a large military family in Paltamo and their soldier name,Stjerna, means star. Some later descendants took the name Stjerna/Stierna. There is a persistent legend that the family received an honorary knighthood from the king of Sweden for their service during the the 30 Years War.
Source: "Esivanhempiem kautta tutuksi Lars Tauriainen s.1600 jälkeläisiä Suomussalmi Peranka" compiled by Pauli Kaisto
Ancestor of Jennie Karjalainen, Isaac Hill, and Valpuri Niska.
Tauriainens fought in The Thirty Years War, 1618-1648.

Klemetti Koivisto
(*About 1652 10 April 1762)

Koivisto   Died at the age of 110 years according to Klemetti's death record in Isojoki. When matching the dates of his wife and child, this is surely an exaggeration, but we can be sure that he did live a very long time. He was a horseman in a Calvary troop. Finnish cavalrymen were known as "Hakkapelites" in the Thirty Years War where they earned a reputation for making wild charges (from the Finnish words hakkaa päälle, which means attack and hit). Two of Klemetti's sons, Juho and Kaappo, were also soldiers. Before the early 1700's, soldier names were sometimes in Finnish. In the case of Klemetti, Koivisto is his soldier name. Click here for more information.
Ancestor of Mauritz Randell.
Possibly fought in the Great Northern War, 1700-1721.  
Kustaa Tollstedt
(*1687 1751)
Tollstedt Tolonen,
Kustaa Laurinpoika Tolonen was born in the Runkaus village in Tervola parish. He was an army corporal and was later named according to the German town of Tollstedt. Kustaa was a brave soldier that got wounded and rewarded with the Tikkala farm in Simoniemi near Kemi.
Ancestor of Lydia Klint
Fought in the Great Northern War, 1700-1721.
Pekka Toppa
(*1694 06 April 1777)
  Toppa Pekka Toppa is listed as a soldier on Alatornio birth records as early as 1722.
Ancestor of Elmiina Brita Nara.
Fought in the Great Northern War, 1700-1721.  
Juho Främling 
(born: About 1700)
Främling   Not much is known about this Rovaniemi soldier, except that he married in 1723 and had a child the same year.
Ancestor of Emil Hannula's mother, Maria (May) Kriistina Amelia Aula.
Fought in the Great Northern War, 1700-1721.
Jooseppi Bergling
(*1716 22 February 1800)
Bergling Kienokoski

Jooseppi is listed as a soldier on the birth records of all of his children in Isojoki from 1742-1753.
Ancestor of Mauritz Randell.
Possibly fought in the The War Of The Hats, 1741-1743.

Olli Tiger
(born: About 1710)
Tiger Tyni

Appears to have gotten soldier name about 1745, when his name changed from Tyni to Tiger in the Rovaniemi christening records.
Ancestor of Emil Hannula's mother, Maria (May) Kriistina Amelia Aula.
Possibly fought in the The War Of The Hats, 1741-1743.

Juho Vidberg
(*1716 16 April 1781)
Vidberg Myllyniemi  Like his father, Klemetti, Juho was a soldier from Isojoki. There are still Vidberg's today in Isojoki, and the Finnish version of the name is Viiperi. Juho's brother, Kaappo, was also a soldier.  Soldier name first appears between 1742-1745.
Ancestor of Mauritz Randell
Possibly fought in the The War Of The Hats, 1741-1743.
Olli Klint 
(*16 Nov 1746
Klint Painaja,
Olli was born in Simo and is a soldier on his marriage record in 1776. His first child was born on Painaja farm in Simo, which was a good clue to his farm name. (Sometimes the farm name behind a soldier name is very difficult to find.) Moved to Koivu village in Tervola between 1776 and 1780. His settler's farm in Koivu was called Ollila. Klint name stuck for many generations. My great-grandmother was known as Lindi in America, while her brother was known as Klintti. His maternal grandfather was the great soldier Kustaa Tollstedt.
Great-grandfather of Lydia Klint
Served in the Swedish army during peacetime.
Hans Hannula
(*09 July 1830 01 Jan 1910)

  Hannula Hans lived to be 80 years old and had 3 wives. His last wife, May, was 20 years his junior. In Finland he served as a sharpshooter in the army and is listed as such in Christening records from 1855 and 1856. He and May emigrated in August of 1883 with 4 children from Tervola to Calumet, MI by cattle boat. The farm that he built in Woodland, MI has recently been named a Centennial Farm and 2 of his grandchildren still reside there.
Father of Emil Hannula.
Fought for the Russian army in the Crimean War, 1854-1856.

Before the late 1800's, a Finnish farmer's surname was the name of the farm where he lived. Thus, the family name would change when the family moved to a different "house" or farm. However, soldiers would often receive a new name. The new name was usually a short Swedish name, mostly monosyllabic or disyllabic. The ancestors of soldiers often kept the soldier name, even after moving to a different house.

Soldier names stick out when doing Finnish genealogy because often they aren't Finnish sounding. Even though a Finn had a Swedish soldier name, they probably changed it in their everyday speech: Tiger becomes Tikkeri.  However, we keep the surnames as they are written in the books: Tiger. I have noticed that relatives that came to America would keep the Finnish pronunciations of their Swedish names: Klint became Klintti and Orre became Orrinen.

Click here for more information about Soldier names.

Click Here for more info on Finnish names.